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Colonisations Legacy: Unveiling the Issues and Its Impact on Human Behaviour

Colonisation stands as a pivotal chapter in human history, during which powerful nations expanded their empires and imposed their influence on various parts of the world it also left a lasting impact on societies and altered human behavior in profound ways.

This blog aims to shed light on the issues colonisation has caused and its destructive effects on human behaviour.

1. Stripping of Cultural Identity:

One of the most apparent consequences of colonisation was the erosion of cultural identity. Indigenous traditions, languages, and customs were often suppressed, leading to the loss of an integral part of a community's heritage. This suppression resulted in a sense of disconnection and confusion among the colonised population, leading to the adoption of new cultural traits or forms of identity impacting their psychological safety.

2. Socioeconomic Imbalances:

Colonisation left a deep imprint on the socioeconomic structures of colonised regions. European powers exploited resources, imposed trade restrictions, and established exploitative systems such as plantations and mining industries. As a result, vast wealth disparities emerged between the coloniser and the colonised, creating systemic disadvantages that endure today. Such socioeconomic imbalances fostered resentment and resulted in persistent inequalities, negatively impacting human behaviour, and perpetuating cycles of poverty and abuse.

3. Loss of Self-Governance:

Colonisation brought with it a loss of self-governance for many societies. Indigenous systems were often dismantled, and new governmental structures were imposed, designed primarily to serve the interests of the coloniser. This lack of autonomy and inability to shape their own destinies promoted feelings of powerlessness, which can manifest in various behavioral patterns such as apathy, resignation, or resistance.

4. Intergenerational Trauma:

Colonisations effects were not confined to the immediate generation but have carried forward through generations in the form of intergenerational trauma. The trauma experienced by the colonised population, including violence, displacement, and cultural destruction, can be passed down through generations. This trauma can influence human behaviours , affecting mental health, family dynamics, and social interactions, perpetuating cycles of pain and historical grievances. Today this pain is still felt as the coloniser is still very much active.

5. Divide and Rule Mentality:

Colonial powers often employed the "divide and rule" strategy, pitting different ethnic or cultural groups against each other, exacerbating existing tensions or creating new ones. There are current day examples of this with religious groups and racial groups constantly being put up against each other.

This divisive approach has had a long-lasting impact on human behaviours fostering mistrust, intergroup conflict, and a fragmented sense of community. The repercussions of this strategy persist in many post-colonial societies, hindering unity and cooperation.


Colonisations destructive nature on human behaviours cannot be underestimated. Its impact on cultural identity, socioeconomic structures, governance, intergenerational trauma, and community solidarity has left deep wounds. Recognising these issues and understanding how colonisation has shaped societies is crucial for fostering healing, reconciling historical injustices, and working towards a more equitable and inclusive future. Only through acknowledging and addressing these legacy issues can we build a society that embraces diversity, respects cultural heritage, and promotes genuine human connection.

Remember, understanding history allows us to navigate the path towards a better future.

Here at Psychologist At Work we are working with organisations to recognise that their colonisers legacy will not continue and we will do all we can to ensure those impacted by it are protected in the workplace.

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